Getting Started

In this session, we will talk about lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore.

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

When you eat, your body breaks down certain food (starches and sweet foods) into glucose, a type of sugar.

A hormone called insulin helps sugar leave the blood and enter the cells. This gives the cells energy.

In people with type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t make or use insulin well. So sugar builds up in the blood and this leads to tissue damage.

Facts About Diabetes

30.3 million people in the United States have diabetes

That is about 1 out of every 11 people

1 out of 4 people do not know they have diabetes

Currently, 1 out of 3 people will develop the disease in their lifetime

How We Diagnose Diabetes

1

A fasting blood sugar (also called glucose) of 126 mg/dl or greater

2

An HbA1c of 6.5% or greater (this test reflects what your average blood glucose has been over the past 3 months)

3

A non-fasting glucose of 200 mg/dl or more

Type 2 Diabetes can harm your

  • Heart and blood vessels, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes
  • Nerves, which can affect sensation and organ function
  • Kidneys, which can lead to kidney failure
  • Eyes, which can lead to blindness
  • Feet, which can lead to amputation
  • Physical and cognitive function

You are more likely to get type 2 diabetes if you:

  • Are too heavy (overweight or obese)
  • Spend a lot of time sitting or lying down
  • Have a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes
  • Are African American, Hispanic, Native American, or Asian American
  • Are 45 years or older. This may be because people tend to be less active and gain weight as they age. But type 2 diabetes is also on the rise among young people.
  • Had diabetes while you were pregnant (gestational diabetes)

What is Prediabetes?

Prediabetes means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but it’s not high enough to be type 2 diabetes. In most people prediabetes is the earliest recognizable stage in the development of diabetes.

How We Diagnose Prediabetes

  • A fasting glucose level between 100 and 125 mg/dl and/or an HbA1c of 5.7-6.4%.
  • More than 1 in 3 American adults has prediabetes.
  • 9 out of 10 people with prediabetes don’t know they have it.
  • Without weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15-30% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.

If you have prediabetes, you are more likely to get diabetes and as a result its complications, like heart disease and stroke.

The good news is that losing weight and being active can cut your risk of type 2 diabetes in half.

Prediabetes means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but it’s not high enough to be type 2 diabetes. In most people prediabetes is the earliest recognizable stage in the development of diabetes.

  • A fasting glucose level between 100 and 125 mg/dl and/or an HbA1c of 5.7-6.4%.
  • More than 1 in 3 American adults has prediabetes.
  • 9 out of 10 people with prediabetes don’t know they have it.
  • Without weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15-30% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.

3 Stages

The program is divided into 3 stages:

Proven Basics

Consists of 16 sessions, over 6 months that provide nationally tested methods for making healthier dietary, physical activity and behavior choices that lay the groundwork for impactful, lasting benefits.

Polish Your Skills

The next 6 months will provide more in-depth information and develop strategies to transition towards long-term healthy lifestyle habits.

Preserve & Prolong Your New Healthy Lifestyle

Year 2 provides continued support and additional proven skills from individuals who have succeeded at long-term weight loss

UPrevent Goals

By the end of the first six months, your goal is to:

  • Lose at least 7-9 percent of your starting weight
  • Get at least 150 minutes of physical activity each week

By the end of the second six months, your goal is to:

  • Keep off the weight you’ve lost
  • Lose more weight if you wish
  • Keep working toward your goal weight
  • Keep getting at least 150 minutes of activity each week

Losing weight can

Prevent or delay type 2 diabetes: The Diabetes Prevention Program found that for every 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of weight lost, the risk of developing diabetes was reduced by 16%. As an example if Teo who weighs 200 pounds can lose 10 pounds – which is 5% of his weight and keep it off, he reduces his risk for developing diabetes by about 70%.

Lower your blood pressure and improve your blood lipid (fat) levels

Ease sleep problems, arthritis, and depression

Lower your risk of heart attack and stroke

Possibly reduce risk of certain cancers

Make you feel better about yourself

Lower your blood pressure and improve your blood lipid levels

Give you more energy

Lower your risk of heart attack and stroke

Help you sleep better

Lower your stress level

Improve your memory, balance, and flexibility

Strengthen your muscles and bones

Life your mood

Getting more active can

Prevent or delay type 2 diabetes: The main effect of physical activity on prevention of diabetes in people trying to lose weight is to help achieve and maintain their weight goal. In the Diabetes Prevention Program, more than 80% of people who met their weight loss goal also met their physical goal whereas only 20% of people managed to reach their weight loss goal without reaching their physical activity goal

Reaching your goal weight can therefore:

Prevent or delay type 2 diabetes

Prevent heart disease

Help you look and feel better

Improve your overall health